Diabetes

Diabetes and a little about Anti-Infectives

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TWO TYPES OF DIABETES

TYPE I DIABETES
What is it? A disease in which the body is unable to effectively store and use glucose as an energy source.
Also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) because the beta cells of the pancreas do not produce enough insulin.
Who gets it? Both sexes; mainly children, teens, and young adults; rare among Asians, Africans, and Native Americans.
HOW do you get it? Partly hereditary; appears to be triggered by a virus infection.
What are the symptoms? Urgent thirst, excessive urination, weight loss, fatigue, irritability.
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to complications including retinopathy and blindness, kidney disease, and heart disease.
How is it treated? Insulin injections; diet and exercise.
How can it be prevented? Low-dose insulin or immunosuppressives in early stages (still experimental).
TYPE II DIABETES
What is it? A disease in which the body is unable to effectively store and use glucose as an energy source.
Also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) because insulin may be produced but is ineffective.
Who gets it? Mainly obese middle-aged and old people; nearly all races.
How do you get it? Hereditary; triggered by obesity.
What are the symptoms? Urgent thirst, excessive urination, weight loss, fatigue, irritability; also frequent infections, blurred vision, slow healing, tingling or numbness. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to complications including retinopathy and blindness, kidney disease, and heart disease.
How is it treated? Diet and exercise; oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin may also be needed.
How can it be prevented? Diet, exercise, and other weight-loss measures.
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Diabetes