Archive for the ‘RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAT AND DIABETES DEVELOPMENT’ Category
Two theories attempt to explain the relationship between fat and the development of diabetes. One is that a person who overeats is constantly stimulating his pancreas to produce more and more insulin to take care of the food that is consumed. This tends to wear out the pancreas prematurely. At the same time, however, the insulin that is produced appears to be less effective than it should be, so that more and more insulin is needed to do the same job. Both factors result in a relative deficiency of insulin, with development of the manifestations of diabetes mellitus.
The other theory is that the hereditary factor for diabetes is present in the blood as an anti-insulin factor. This substance will not alter insulin’s effectiveness in incorporating sugar into fat, but it will block the action of insulin in muscle tissues. Although insulin in present in the body, it will not induce muscle tissue to take up sugar (glucose). This raises the blood sugar level higher than it should be. The elevated blood sugar then stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin. The extra insulin pushes the sugar into the fat tissues of the body, leading to weight gain and an increase in the total fat content of the body. In this instance, the diabetic trait is helping to make the person fatter. Eventually, the pancreas fatigues and inadequate amounts of insulin are produced, leading again to the development of overt diabetes mellitus.
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